By Lee Monroe
Your Web site is designed, the CMS works, content has been added and the client is happy. It’s time to take the Web site live. Or is it? When launching a Web site, you can often forget a number of things in your eagerness to make it live, so it’s useful to have a checklist to look through as you make your final touches and before you announce your Web site to the world.
This article reviews some important and necessary checks that Web sites should be checked against before the official launch – little details are often forgotten or ignored, but – if done in time – may sum up to an overall greater user experience and avoid unnecessary costs after the official site release.
A favicon brands the tab or window in which your Web site is open in the user’s browser. It is also saved with the bookmark so that users can easily identify pages from your Web site. Some browsers pick up the favicon if you save it in your root directory as favicon.ico, but to be sure it’s picked up all the time, include the following in your head.
And if you have an iPhone favicon:
Your page title is the most important element for SEO and is also important so that users know what’s on the page. Make sure it changes on every page and relates to that page’s content.
<title>10 Things To Consider When Choosing The Perfect CMS | How-To | Smashing Magazine</title>
Meta description and keyword tags aren’t as important for SEO (at least for the major search engines anyway), but it’s still a good idea to include them. Change the description on each page to make it relate to that page’s content, because this is often what Google displays in its search result description.
Just when you think your design looks great, pixel perfect, you check it in IE and see that everything is broken. It’s important that your Web site works across browsers. It doesn’t have to be pixel perfect, but everything should work, and the user shouldn’t see any problems. The most popular browsers to check are Internet Explorer 6, 7 and 8, Firefox 3, Safari 3, Chrome, Opera and the iPhone.
Read everything. Even if you’ve already read it, read it again. Get someone else to read it. There’s always something you’ll pick up on and have to change. See if you can reduce the amount of text by keeping it specific. Break up large text blocks into shorter paragraphs. Add clear headings throughout, and use lists so that users can scan easily. Don’t forget about dynamic text too, such as alert boxes.
Don’t just assume all your links work. Click on them. You may often forget to add “http://” to links to external Web sites. Make sure your logo links to the home page, a common convention.
Also, think about how your links work. Is it obvious to new users that they are links? They should stand out from the other text on the page. Don’t underline text that isn’t a link because it will confuse users. And what happens to visited links?
Test everything thoroughly. If you have a contact form, test it and copy yourself so that you can see what comes through. Get others to test your Web site, and not just family and friends but the Web site’s target market. Sit back and watch how a user uses the Web site. It’s amazing what you’ll pick up on when others use your Web site differently than how you assume they’d use it. Common things to check for are contact forms, search functions, shopping baskets and log-in areas.
You should aim for a 100% valid Web site. That said, it isn’t the end of the world if your Web site doesn’t validate, but it’s important to know the reasons why it doesn’t so that you can fix any nasty errors. Common gotchas include no “alt” tags, no closing tags and using “&” instead of “&” for ampersands.
If your Web site has a blog or newsreel, you should have an RSS feed that users can subscribe to. Users should be able to easily find your RSS feed: the common convention is to put a small RSS icon in the browser’s address bar.
Put this code between your <head> tags.
Installing some sort of analytics tool is important for measuring statistics to see how your Web site performs and how successful your conversion rates are. Track daily unique hits, monthly page views and browser statistics, all useful data to start tracking from day 1. Google Analytics is a free favorite among Web site owners. Others to consider are Clicky, Kissmetrics (still in closed beta yet), Mint and StatCounter.
Adding a sitemap.xml file to your root directory allows the major search engines to easily index your Web site. The file points crawlers to all the pages on your Web site. XML-Sitemaps automatically creates a sitemap.xml file for you. After creating the file, upload it to your root directory so that its location is www.mydomain.com/sitemap.xml.
If you use WordPress, install the Google XML Sitemaps plug-in, which automatically updates the sitemap when you write new posts. Also, add your Web site and sitemap to Google Webmaster Tools. This tells Google that you have a sitemap, and the service provides useful statistics on how and when your Web site was last indexed.
The most commonly overlooked defensive design element is the 404 page. If a user requests a page that doesn’t exist, your 404 page is displayed. This may happen for a variety of reasons, including another Web site linking to a page that doesn’t exist. Get your users back on track by providing a useful 404 page that directs them to the home page or suggests other pages they may be interested in.
Another defensive design technique is checking your forms for validation. Try submitting unusual information in your form fields (e.g. lots of characters, letters in number fields, etc.) and make sure that if there is an error, the user is provided with enough feedback to be able to fix it.
Besides, depending on the publishing engine that you are using, you may need to consider taking more specific measures – for instance, if you are using WordPress, you may need to consider useful caching techniques to speed up the performance.
If your Web site runs off a database, you need a back-up strategy. Or else, the day will come when you regret not having one. If you use WordPress, install WordPress Database Backup, which you can set up to automatically email you backups.
If a user wants to print a page from your Web site, chances are she or he wants only the main content and not the navigation or extra design elements. That’s why it is a good idea to create a print-specific style sheet. Also, certain CSS elements, such as floats, don’t come out well when printed.
To point to a special CSS style sheet that computers automatically use when users print a page, simply include the following code between your <head> tags.
<link rel=”stylesheet” type=”text/css” href=”print.css” media=”print” />
Just recently Dan Zambonini has published a very detailed checklist that covers both the pre-launch and the post-launch phase of the web site life cycle. Among other things his Ultimate Web site Launch Checklist contains checks related to content and style, standards and validation, search engine visibility, functional testing, security/risk, performance and marketing.